No one likes paying tax and it prompts everyone to look for options that may reduce their tax liability. There are many provisions to do this and one of the most common options is the tax deductions under Section 80 C of the Income Tax Act. There are various investing options under 80 C that enable you to reduce your taxable income up to a maximum limit of Rs 1 lakh.
The eligible deductions that everyone might be aware of are contributions to Employee Provident Fund, Payment of tuition fee or repayment on home loan. In addition there are investment avenues that are eligible for tax deduction about which you might have little knowledge.
Investing in Government Securities
For those who seek absolute protection of their capital, Investing in Postal Saving schemes such as NSC or putting money in PPF (Public provident fund) is an option.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF offers interest income in the range of 8% with annual compounding. However, the maximum amount that can be invested in PPF is Rs.70,000 and money cannot be withdrawn before the completion of 6 years. Those who look at PPF in terms of their retirement corpus and feel that their current PF deduction is not sufficient, may consider this option.
National Savings Certificate
Another popular avenue investing - NSC also offers a return of 8% on half yearly compounding basis. Another feature is that interest accrued on NSC is also eligible for Section 80 C benefit. The interest on NSC investment, except in the sixth year, is not paid but credited to the investor's account. So, the interest that accumulates is treated as invested in NSC and the accumulated interest thereby qualifies for tax deduction. The duration of NSC is for 6 years with an option of premature encashment after 3 years. However, that would reduce the net yield from NSC.